At a Glance
JOHN A. DANAHER III, Commissioner
Colonel Thomas Davoren, Deputy Commissioner
Established - 1903 as the Connecticut State Police Department
(The Department of Public Safety was established in 1977 by PA 77-614)
Statutory authority - CGS Title 29
Central office - 1111 Country Club Road,
Middletown, CT 06457-2389
Number of positions authorized - 1,761, including 1,248 Troopers and 513 civilians
Current number of employees - 1,617, including 1,143 Troopers and 474 civilians
Recurring operating expenses - $170 million - The recurring operating expenses have been adjusted; the original appropriation is $169,826,824 but with adjustments (holdbacks) has been reduced to $ 144,697,313.
Organizational structure - Office of the Commissioner; Division of State Police; Division of Fire, Emergency & Building Services; Division of Scientific Services
“The Connecticut Department of Public Safety is committed to protecting and improving the quality of life for all by providing enforcement, regulatory, and scientific services through prevention, education, and innovative use of technology.” In striving to accomplish our mission, we embody our core values with great PRIDE.
PROFESSIONALISM through an elite and diverse team of trained men and women.
RESPECT for ourselves and others through our words and actions.
INTEGRITY through adherence to standards and values that foster public trust.
DEDICATION to service.
EQUALITY through fair and unprejudiced application of the law.
The agency is comprised of three separate divisions:
Division of State Police;
Division of Fire, Emergency & Building Services;
Division of Scientific Services
BUREAU OF MANAGEMENT SUPPORT
The human resource and financial management needs of the divisions are handled centrally by the agency’s Bureau of Management Support, under the direction of Chief Fiscal Administrative Officer Ann M. Williams. The Bureau of Management Support is comprised of Fiscal Services and Human Resources.
Fiscal Services is responsible for the preparation, management and expenditure of the agency’s $170 million operating budget, as well as, processing expenditures from the $5.4 million capital budget, $44 million of state and federal grants, and $24 million for other funded programs. The units constituting Fiscal Services include: Purchasing, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, General Accounting, the Quartermaster and Inventory Control. In FY 09, the unit processed over 3,375 purchase orders and paid over 20,000 invoices. The agency’s inventory is valued at approximately $150 million.
The Human Resource function provides a uniform and equitable system of personnel administration for the agency’s employees who are members of seven labor unions, administers the agency’s Workers’ Compensation and the Employee Safety / OSHA program. The units constituting Human Resources include: General Administration, Payroll, Employee Benefits and the Employee Safety/OSHA program. The agency’s safety program oversees comprehensive occupational safety inspections of the department facilities to ensure compliance with the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and works to reduce employee injuries and Workers’ Compensation costs.
DIVISION OF STATE POLICE
The Division of State Police is under the direction of Colonel Thomas Davoren and consists of approximately 1,130 sworn troopers and approximately 290 civilian personnel. It is considered the oldest state police division in the nation. With ever-increasing responsibilities, our Troopers and support staff have risen to the challenge securing the safety and preserving the quality of life we all enjoy as citizens of this great State.
The Division is divided into three components: the Office of Field Operations, which provides direct law enforcement services to the citizens of the state, the Office of Administrative Services, which provides logistical support while maintaining several registries and licensing bureaus, and the Office of Professional Standards and Training.
The Connecticut State Police is steadfast in its commitment to provide the best possible law enforcement services to the State of Connecticut. The Divisions look forward to meeting the many unique challenges in serving the State of Connecticut.
The Connecticut State Police received initial accreditation status through the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) in 1988. This accreditation demonstrates the agency’s compliance with the most stringent of administrative and operational standards. These standards are recognized and accepted both nationally and internationally. The Connecticut State Police remains one of the larger CALEA accredited agencies.
OFFICE OF FIELD OPERATIONS
The Office of Field Operations, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Steven L. Fields, is responsible for the delivery of police services statewide through three geographical districts (including a total of 12 Troops), three Major Crime Squads, the Traffic Services Unit, the Emergency Services Unit, the Bureau of Criminal Investigations, and the Office of Counter Terrorism.
BUREAU OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS
The Bureau of Criminal Investigations consists of nine specialized investigative units within the Department of Public Safety. These units include: The Statewide Narcotics Task Force (SNTF); The Statewide Organized Crime Investigative Task Force (SOCITF); The Statewide Urban Violence Cooperative Crime Control Task Force (SUVCCCTF); The Connecticut Regional Auto Theft Task Force (CRATTF); The Motor Vehicle Fraud Task Force (MVFTF); The Statewide Firearms Trafficking Task Force (SFTTF); The Central Criminal Intelligence Unit; Fugitive Task Force/Extradition Unit; and The Office of Counter Terrorism. Each of these units conducts a myriad of both long-term and short-term criminal investigations that are focused on the detection and suppression of various criminal enterprises whose activities negatively impact the quality of life of the citizens of Connecticut. While primarily staffed with state police personnel, some of the Bureau’s units and task forces are augmented with personnel from several local police departments, the Connecticut Motor Vehicle Department, and the Connecticut National Guard. Many investigations are ones that utilize established partnerships with the FBI, DEA, ATF, US Immigrations & Customs and other local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies.
Statewide Narcotics Task Force (SNTF)
SNTF is a task force that is comprised of Connecticut State Troopers, federal and local law enforcement officers from FBI, DEA and several police departments across Connecticut, and is also supported with personnel from the CT National Guard. SNTF has an administrative office in Meriden, and has five field offices spread across Connecticut. SNTF investigators conduct a wide variety of investigations concerning illegal narcotics sales, trafficking, distribution and manufacturing here in Connecticut.
Statewide Organized Crime Investigative Task Force (SOCITF)
SOCITF has the responsibility of conducting investigations into complex criminal organizations that conduct illegal activities here in Connecticut. The nature of these investigations, are characteristically complex and often involve cooperation with various law enforcement agencies such as the FBI, DEA, and other Connecticut local law enforcement agencies.
Statewide Urban Violence Cooperative Crime Control Task Force (SUVCCCTF)
SUVCCCTF is compromised of Connecticut State Troopers, federal and local law enforcement officers whose primary mission is conducting investigations into criminal matters that negatively impact quality of life issues across Connecticut.
Connecticut Regional Auto Theft Task Force (CRATTF)
CRATTF has the responsibility of investigating crimes involving the theft of automobiles and other vehicles. Personnel from this task force have specialized skills in the detection and identification of stolen vehicles. They conduct a myriad of investigations including vehicle theft, chop shop operations, and insurance fraud. CRATTF is staffed with Connecticut State Troopers, local law enforcement officers, and members of the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles.
Motor Vehicle Fraud Task Force
MVFTF is responsible for investigating the illegal issuance (and possession) of driver’s licenses here in Connecticut, as well as conducting various investigations regarding potential criminal activity by entities regulated by the Department of Motor Vehicles.
Statewide Firearms Trafficking Task Force (SFTTF)
SFTTF investigators are responsible for the investigation of illegal sales, trafficking and transfer of firearms in Connecticut. This task force is comprised of Connecticut State Troopers and local law enforcement officers who work closely with federal investigators from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.
Central Criminal Intelligence Unit (CCIU)
CCIU provides investigative support to Connecticut State Police personnel and other federal and local law enforcement agencies. CCIU provides access to on-line investigative support software and services upon request. The following are examples of the services offered: Autotrak, credit checks for enforcement employment backgrounds, Department of Labor information, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network information, Department of Revenue Service’s information, Secretary of State Incorporation information, Art Loss Register and telephone subscriber information. CCIU serves as the liaison to Interpol for the state of Connecticut, and the agency’s liaison to VICAP. CCIU also is responsible for the administration and oversight of the agency’s confidential informant program.
Fugitive Task Force/Extradition Unit
Fugitive Task Force / Extraditions Unit are comprised of two distinct components the Fugitive Task Force and the Extradition Unit. The Fugitive Task Force utilizes federal, state, and local law enforcement personnel to locate and arrest fugitives located within the state of Connecticut. The task force also coordinates efforts to locate fugitives wanted in Connecticut who are residing out of the state for any federal, state or local law enforcement agency. The Extradition Unit consists of Connecticut State Police personnel assigned to process all Governors’ warrants and handle all extradition related activities.
THE OFFICE OF COUNTER TERRORISM
The Office of Counter Terrorism consists of Connecticut State Police personnel assigned to the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security (“DEMHS”). Personnel assigned to this division serve as liaisons and they are responsible for coordinating efforts and fostering partnerships with local, state, and federal agencies so as to implement unified safety and security measures to prevent, mitigate, and manage incidents threatening the citizens of Connecticut. These sworn State Police Officers engage in law enforcement related investigations and operations with a homeland security mission. The Office of Counter Terrorism presently consists of the Critical Infrastructure Protection Unit (“CIPU”), the Joint Terrorism Task Force (“JTTF”), the Connecticut Urban Search and Rescue Task Force, and the Connecticut Intelligence Center (“CTIC”). Each of these Units has a complex and unique function and responsibilities.
CIPU is tasked with the protection of Connecticut’s public and private critical infrastructure assets and key resources.
JTTF consists of State Police personnel that are assigned along with FBI Special Agents to investigations that are believed to have a nexus to domestic or international terrorism.
US&R is a multi-discipline group of over 150 emergency medical technicians, firefighters, paramedics, and police officers that represent municipal, state, and private industry emergency response organizations from all corners of the state of Connecticut. Members of the team are highly trained specialists that are capable of locating and rescuing victims that are entrapped in confined spaces that exceed the capabilities of the local response effort. The concept of operation is that this self-sufficient team provides the local Incident Commander with a multi-discipline resource that supports responders in accomplishing their technical rescue incident objectives.
CTIC is the primary multi-agency Intelligence operation representing various jurisdictions within the state. CTIC serves to collect, analyze and disseminate both criminal and terrorism-related intelligence to all law enforcement agencies in the state of Connecticut. CTIC takes an all crimes approach to intelligence. CTIC acts as the primary conduit of information sharing for the state of Connecticut; both within the state and nationally. CTIC also endeavors to indentify emerging threats and criminal trends and serves as a statewide central resource to affect intelligence sharing. CTIC is also Connecticut’s primary Fusion Center.
TRAFFIC SERVICES UNIT
In 2008, the Traffic Services Unit (“TSU”) handled a total of 633,746 calls for service. These included 27,014 criminal investigations and 30,560 traffic accident investigations. In addition, Troopers issued 160,399 summonses for motor vehicle violations.
The Traffic Services Unit is responsible for the administration of all specialized traffic enforcement activities statewide and its Commanding Officer serves as the State Traffic Coordinator. A majority of the personnel assigned to the Traffic Services Unit conduct traffic enforcement duties on a regular basis, and are assigned to Aggressive Driving Teams or Commercial Vehicle Teams. Aggressive Driving Teams (ADT’s) are deployed in strategic locations across the state to target areas experiencing a high incidence of hazardous moving violations. ADT personnel utilize non-traditional patrol vehicles and specialized enforcement techniques, such as aerial sky-timing, to accomplish their mission. The Commercial Vehicle Teams (CVT’s) conduct weight and safety inspections of commercial vehicles at both fixed Weight and Safety Inspection Stations and at mobile location sites across the state. CVT personnel are certified to conduct federal motor carrier safety inspections of commercial vehicles and are individually equipped to inspect and weigh these vehicles in any location.
The Traffic Services Unit frequently provides assistance to State Police Troops and municipal police agencies in addressing areas experiencing a high incidence of violations and accidents. In addition, the Traffic Services Unit has a long history of joining efforts with the Department of Motor Vehicles’ Commercial Vehicle Safety Division in programs to target commercial vehicles that are committing moving violations or operating with safety deficiencies.
Several components within the Traffic Services Unit provide specialized services as needed. The Collision Analysis and Reconstruction Squad (CARS) provide full-time collision analysis and reconstruction services to State Police commands and municipal police agencies upon request. The Motorcycle Unit provides motorcycle officer training for State Police Troopers and municipal police officers, and conducts operational and ceremonial escorts for special events. The Traffic Services Unit also operates the Breath Alcohol Testing Vehicle (BATMobile), which is deployed at field sobriety checkpoints to increase their operational efficiency, and the Seatbelt Convincer and Rollover Demonstrator devices, which are used to educate the public in the importance of utilizing seat belts. The Railroad Liaison Office serves to provide statewide law enforcement training and investigative assistance for railroad-related law enforcement matters.
EMERGENCY SERVICES UNIT
The Emergency Services Unit is comprised of the Bomb Squad, Dive Team, Tactical Team (SWAT), Negotiators, Aviation, Marine, and Canine Section. Emergency Services is headquartered at the Fleet Administration Building in Colchester and provides specialized assistance to all State Police Troops/Units as well as local, federal or other state agencies.
Bomb Squad Incidents involving explosives, search for explosives (K9), fireworks seizures storage of explosive evidence (not including IEDs) as evidence, technical assistance for post blast investigations, destruction of old ammunition, flares and chemical munitions.
Hazardous Materials Technician assistance for any incident involving the use or threatened use of a Weapon of Mass Destruction including: chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high yield explosive incidents.
Dive and Marine Unit
any emergency in a marine environment including: lost boaters, search &
rescue, underwater evidence recovery, hull and pier sweeps.
Tactical Team (SWAT) any high risk incident including: barricaded subjects, hostage situations, searches for armed and dangerous subjects, high risk warrant service, special transportation protection (e.g. high risk prisoners, narcotics, firearms); dignitary protection, hostage negotiators for any tactical situation as well as suicidal individuals threatening the use of physical force against themselves or another, and any civil disturbance situation.
Canine assistance is available for the following types of situations: tracking, building search, criminal apprehension, search and rescue, body recovery, searches for explosives, narcotics and evidence of accelerants in suspected arson situations. Training is also available for authorized departments.
Aviation assistance is available for the following types of situations: surveillance, traffic enforcement, search and rescue, marijuana field location and eradication, photo missions, tactical operations, medical transport, and forest fire suppression. Emergency medical support is available for tactical situations, weapon of mass destruction incidents, mass casualty incidents and search and rescue. Emergency generators and lighting are available as well for natural and man-made disasters.
OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
The Office of Administrative Services, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Christopher G. Arciero, is divided into three bureaus; Bureau of Communications and Technology, Bureau of Support Services and Bureau of Research and Information Services.
The Office of Administrative Services provides training, planning, and support duties to the agency through a wide array of commands comprising each bureau; including the Reports and Criminal Records, Crimes Analysis, CompStat, Grants & Contracts Administration; Fleet Administration; Field Technology; DPS Communications Center, Computer Aided Dispatch and Records Management System; Facilities Management; Fingerprint Unit; Bond Management and Capital Improvement; Criminal Justice Information Services; Telecommunications, the Statewide Radio System; Special Licensing and Firearms Unit, Boxing Regulation, and the Sex Offender Registry Section.
Recently, the Office of Administrative Services played a major role in enhancing the Department of Public Safety’s Sex Offender Registry System. The new system will provide better monitoring of the state’s sex offender population and allow residents to track registered sex offenders in their area.
The improved system is a Web-based management tool that collects all data required by the National Sex Offender Registry and makes it available to all state agencies responsible for the registration of sex offenders. By using this application to track sex offenders, there will be little to no delay in new or updated information for both public and law enforcement access.
Additionally, the new registry allows for public access to the system. Users will be able to log on to a community web portal to search for specific offenders, register to be notified by e-mail when an offender moves into their area, and use a mapping tool to view offenders residing within a specified radius of a given address.
The Office of Administrative Services has continued to move forward on several significant infrastructure and IT projects. Some of those projects include the upgrade to the Connecticut On Line Law Enforcement Teleprocessing System (COLLECT) which is the statewide criminal database system for all state law enforcement and criminal justice agencies. The newest upgrades will enhance the legacy COLLECT programs and meet the established national standards. The Office of Administrative Services also continued to upgrade the Department’s Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) to enhance the system’s interface with other criminal record databases. The Office of Administrative Services has also maintained critical oversight to the numerous facility and infrastructure projects. Some of those projects include the relocation and consolidation of investigation units to a more central location to maximize investigative processes and the realignment and renovation of evidence storage facilities. The Office of Administrative Services continues to work on projects regarding a department wide troop study, regional dispatching and enhancement of troop security camera systems.
OFFICE OF PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS & TRAINING
The Office of Professional Standards and Training, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Gene Labonte, is divided into three divisions; Selections, Training & Investigative Support Section, Internal Affairs Unit and Inspections & Accreditation Unit.
The Selections, Training & Investigative Support Section is comprised of the State Police Training Academy, Firearms Training Unit, Recruitment and Selection Unit, Background Investigative Unit and the Polygraph Unit.
The Training Academy trains qualified applicants as State Police Trooper Trainees, provides mandatory in-service training and specialized law enforcement training for the department.
The Firearms Training Unit provides weapons qualification and certification courses and other training related to the use of force.
The Recruitment and Selection Unit is dedicated to recruiting and selecting qualified candidates for appointment as State Police Trooper Trainees. The Background Investigative Unit conducts background investigations of applicants, prospective employees, and appointees for the department and other agencies.
The Polygraph Unit conducts polygraph examinations for criminal investigations and pre-employment examinations for the State Police as well as municipal police agencies.
The Internal Affairs Unit conducts investigations of sworn and civilian employees of the Department of Public Safety, constables under the supervision of Resident State Troopers and occasionally other municipal police departments. Additionally, the Unit investigates and processes other complaints, inquiries and commendations from the public. The unit also maintains statistics on Use of Force within the department and conducts an annual review of racial profiling complaints made against department personnel.
The Inspections & Accreditation Unit maintains the required standards of compliance for the department, as dictated by the Commission on the Accreditation of Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA), as a nationally accredited law enforcement agency. The unit acts as a liaison with other agencies nationwide concerning departmental policies, rules, and regulations.
DIVISION OF FIRE, EMERGENCY, AND BUILDING SERVICES
The Division of Fire, Emergency and Building Services (“DFEBS”) is comprised of four major sub-divisions that work closely in support of the public safety mission: Office of State Fire Marshal (“OSFM”), Office of State Building Inspector (“OSBI”), Office of Statewide Emergency Telecommunications (“OSET”) and Office of Education and Data Management (“OEDM”). Leadership and management of DFEBS is the responsibility of Director Robert J. Ross and the division is staffed by a highly dedicated group of professional women and men comprised of civilians and sworn State Police Troopers.
The staff conducts field inspections and provides technical assistance to local building and fire code officials, design professionals, contractors, developers, engineers, property owners, elected officials, and the general public. DFEBS is charged with complex responsibilities for a wide range of public safety matters related to various aspects of building and fire safety, telecommunications, education and training and data management through adopting, amending and administering a wide variety of codes, standards and agency regulations.
Technical areas that DFEBS deals with include: administering the state fire safety and building codes to ensure safety in our places of work or recreation; safety and inspection of state buildings and new state building construction projects; cause and origin of fires and arson investigations; assuring the safety of children on carnival rides and families attending amusement parks, circuses and theaters; ensuring fireworks and explosives safety through licensing, permits and inspections; elevator, personal hoists, ski lifts, tramways and boiler safety through inspections, plan reviews of state owned threshold building projects and issuance of operating certificates; crane/hoisting licensing and accident investigations; assuring assistance when our citizens and visitors dial “9-1-1” for help through telecommunications engineering and systems design (E-9-1-1), GIS and Public Safety Answering Points; training local officials to perform their public safety responsibilities and assisting municipal officials; technical training and education in all related fields and administering licensing and certification examinations; and management of Connecticut’s Burn Injury Reporting System and National Fire Incident Reporting System (“NFIRS”).
DFEBS staff interact with local, state and federal agencies and on a daily basis conduct business with insurance companies and commercial enterprises. The members of the Division of Fire, Emergency and Building Services are committed to professionalism in the preservation of life and property and through their efforts, the residents of Connecticut and those who visit will have a safe place to live, work and entertain.
OFFICE OF EDUCATION AND DATA MANAGEMENT
The Office of Education and Data Management (“OEDM”) is responsible for training and accrediting Building and Fire Code Officials and 911 Telecommunicators, as well as providing code-related instruction to individuals in the allied trade professions and managing the National Fire Incident Reporting System (“NFIRS”) for Connecticut. Professional trainers work closely with members of the Office of State Fire Marshal, Office of the State Building Inspector and the Office of Statewide Emergency Telecommunications to develop and teach training curricula that is timely and relevant.
Individuals who wish to become licensed Building Inspectors, certified Fire Officials or Emergency Telecommunicators must pass qualifying examinations. These exams are developed and administered through the OEDM Testing Unit. In FY 2008/2009, OEDM processed 1,782 credentialing exams. Prior to admittance to an exam, preparatory training programs are offered in all three content areas. These programs run from six days to 60 days in length, depending on the accreditation desired. A total of 442 individuals attended OEDM preparatory training programs in FY 2008/2009.
Once licensure or certification is achieved, Building and Fire Officials are required by statute to earn continuing education credits to maintain accreditation. OEDM develops annual training calendars based on new codes and high-priority topics. Last year 6,206 code officials and design and trades professionals attended 98 career development training classes, and 867 attended two training conferences.
Officials register for classes through OEDM’s administrative arm. The office tracks pre-accreditation training, credentialing criteria, continuing education credits, and conference registrations. OEDM also trains Fire Marshals and fire department personnel from 256 fire jurisdictions in the state in NFIRS and NFIRS supporting software, and develops Burn Injury Summary reports. In FY 2008/2009, 271,899 incidents were reported, and 366 Burn Injury Reports were filed.
OFFICE OF STATEWIDE EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS
The Office of Statewide Emergency Telecommunications (“OSET”) provides for statewide Enhanced 9-1-1 planning and implementation, public safety telecommunicators training and certification, public safety frequency coordination, funding for regional communications centers, funding for cities with populations greater than 40,000, CSP public safety answering points (PSAPs), grant assistance for capital expenses for PSAPs and grant assistance for coordinated medical emergency direction (CMED). During fiscal year 08/09 OSET provided for services, equipment and grants in the amount of $38,156,514.
OSET provides all state and local public safety agencies with street centerline and street address information (geographic information systems – GIS) for emergency response purposes. Statewide mapping initiatives continue to ensure that street centerline data is accurate for all emergency responders. Anticipated federal funding for broadband mapping will provide for additional layers of map information. OSET continues to provide support for the Local Update of Census Addresses program (LUCA), a decennial census geographical program that provides an opportunity for states and local governments to review the Master Address File and ensure accurate census data.
OSET provides chairmanship and plan development for the six state New England 700 MHz, 800 MHz and 4.9 GHz planning committees. The creation of a regional plan and the subsequent approval by the FCC has paved the way for all New England states to utilize the new public safety 700 MHz spectrum that became available in June 2009 as part of the transition to digital TV. The federal grant money that has been received will facilitate the creation of a 700 MHz platform on the current state 800 MHz system for statewide interoperability purposes.
OSET continues to develop a request for proposals (RFP) for the acquisition of a new software platform for 9-1-1 call handling at Connecticut’s 107 PSAPs. This software will provide for the transition to next generation 9-1-1 (NG 9-1-1) which will be based on an internet protocol (IP) based network and will allow for multimedia data capabilities and data access from all sources.
OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL
The Office of State Fire Marshal (OSFM) had success in several areas of its responsibilities. The Bureau of Investigation and Enforcement continues to respond to a high number of calls for assistance to local fire investigations, crane and amusement ride inspections and accident investigations. The Bureau of Engineering was able to successfully pass legislation that created the state’s first Fire Prevention Code. This process took several legislative sessions to accomplish. A total of some 40 statutes were changed in order to bring this forward. The Fire Prevention Code gives more enforcement capabilities to local fire marshals. They will be able to order a building evacuated if they feel there exists an immediate hazard to life for what has been called “the five deadly sins”, which include blocked egress, failure to maintain or shut off fire protection systems, non-permitted or excess quantity storage of flammable liquids, use of fireworks or pyrotechnics without a permit, or exceeding the occupancy limit as established by the State or local Fire Marshal. They will be able to issue citations for some violations which will expedite the lengthy abatement process. Additionally, local fire marshals will be required to inspect manufacturing establishments on a periodic basis.
OFFICE OF THE STATE BUILDING INSPECTOR
The Office of State Building Inspector had success in implementing the MOU signed by the Commissioner of Department of Public Safety and the Chancellor of the Connecticut State University System (“CSUS”) as mandated by PA 07-7 by providing qualified staff in the creation of a dedicated CSUS 2020 unit. The designated staff is responsible for all building code and fire code compliance plan reviews, all building code and fire code compliance inspections, inspections for means of egress, fire alarm and fire suppression systems. This Office of State Building Inspector dedicated unit responsible for CSUS 2020 construction projects represents a significant change and represents a substantial commitment for uniform code enforcement.
DIVISION OF SCIENTIFIC SERVICES
In January 2009, the Division of Scientific Services broke ground on Phase III construction of the Forensic Lab in Meriden. This new wing, when completed in January 2010, will consolidate forensic services provided by the Department of Public Safety at the Meriden complex thus closing the Toxicology Laboratory in Hartford; fusing the agency’s forensic investigative functions into one entity. In addition to housing the toxicology section, the new phase III addition will provide office space / laboratory space for the Computer Crime and Electronic Evidence Unit’s investigative and forensic function.
In October 2009, Commissioner Danaher appointed Kenneth Zercie, a twenty-five year member of the Department of Public Safety and a retired New Haven police detective, as the new laboratory Director to oversee daily operations.
During this year, the Division of Scientific Services has processed 7,572 requests for examinations and laboratory analysis through October, 2009. The Division of Scientific Services has received numerous awards and is accredited as a full service forensic laboratory through the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, Laboratory Accreditation Board. This organization serves local state and federal criminal justice agencies throughout the Country. The Division is broken into the following sections: Identification, DNA, and Criminalistics, Toxicology and Controlled Substances, and Computer Crime/ Electronic Evidence Section.
The Identification Section’s Multimedia and Image Enhancement Unit was established through grant funding, using state of the art analytical software and computer systems to analyze and enhance video and audio recordings from crime scenes. Approximately 400 cases a year are submitted for analysis on a variety of crimes, including enhancing subjects in bank robberies, homicide cases and vehicles in hit and run incidents. The laboratory makes every effort to provide investigators with same day service for those cases that require immediate attention.
Additionally, grant funding provided the Latent Fingerprint Unit with the ability to purchase a digital enhancement system (Foray). This allows our scientists to enhance the latent print image and immediately search our AFIS database for potential subjects. This system uses an authenticated digital asset management system, (ADAMS), providing a history of what enhancements have occurred for court purposes.
The Firearms Unit has utilized the National Integrated Ballistics Information Network, (“NIBIN”), with over 1,000 “hits” to date. This provides investigators with information linking firearm evidence recovered at a crime scene to a specific weapon or another shooting scene.
The Questioned Document Unit has played a large role this year in assisting investigators in analyzing handwriting in letters with suspected “anthrax” material and in threatening letters to the general public and elected officials.
The Imprint Unit has a new instrument allowing scientists to input crime scene footwear and tire marks into a database and search over 6,000 known footwear and/or tires for a possible match. This provides crucial information to investigators in order to look for possible subjects’ footwear or vehicles involved in crime scene investigations.
The Toxicology and Controlled Substance Laboratory reported over 1800 Toxicology cases in 2009, and over 600 Controlled Substance cases. These include DWI, DMSA, (drug-facilitated sexual assault), poisoning, and multiple types of seized drug cases, including cocaine, heroin, marijuana, PCP, designer drugs (tryptamines and amphetamine analogues), prescription drugs, and adultered pharmaceutical cases.
The laboratory’s Breath Alcohol Test Unit organized and participated in the selection process by which a new Breath Alcohol Test instrument for the State of Connecticut has been selected.
Three ASCLD/LAB inspectors have participated in the accreditation/re-accreditation inspection of four other forensic laboratories.
The Controlled Substances Laboratory has been honored by the US Attorney, Connecticut District, by an award given to chemist Gerald Hart for his work on several cases.
Laboratory chemists who participated in the investigation and processing of clandestine laboratories with the US Drug Enforcement Administration were involved in three clan-lab raids this year. Two of the labs were engaged in tryptamine-type drug extraction, and the third was a psychedelic mushroom growing facility.
The Toxicology Laboratory Director, Dr. Robert Powers, published a paper in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology presenting an approach for evaluation of the validity of defense challenges to hospital blood alcohol results based on the potential presence of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase.
The DNA Section is approaching their 1200th database hit. DNA has generated 1189 hits in the Combined DNA Indexing System, (“CODIS”), and identifying suspects from unsolved crimes. This is an increase of 250 hits from 2008. There are approximately 51,774 offender DNA profiles in the Connecticut database along with 3,488 casework related DNA profiles. Approximately 10,000 searchable profiles have been added during the past year, resulting in 69 additional hits to cases where no suspect was known or identified.
A notable example of the efficiency of the Connecticut DNA database program involved the identification of a suspect in a high profile home invasion/sexual assault that occurred in 1988. This investigation resulted in a guilty verdict in October, 2009.
Additionally, the DNA section has worked with the Connecticut Innocence Project regarding two inmates serving life sentences for sexual assault/homicide. DNA evidence demonstrated that critical biological samples could not have come from the inmates, leading to the individuals being released after serving over 20 years in prison. In the spring of 2009, the DNA section was the recipient of $1.8 million American Re-Investment Recovery Act award funding 10 durational DNA positions through December 2010.
The Computer Crime and Electronic Evidence Laboratory (“CCEEL”) applied for and received several federal grants. The majority of the awarded federal funding is geared towards updating computer and investigative equipment, training state and local personnel, expanding community outreach programs and addressing backlog issues.
On September 1, 2008, the Child Sexual Predator Program (“CSPP”) grant was awarded in the amount of $479,628. On December 31, 2008, the Forensic Capacity grant received an award in the amount of $200,000. On April 1, 2008, as part of the national recovery act, the Recovery Act Grant was awarded to the State of Connecticut. A total of $584,975 was specifically designated to a statewide computer crimes initiative. Lastly, on July 29, 2009 the CCEEL was awarded $283,345 in continued funding for the Internet Crimes Against Children (“ICAC”) Task Force grant.
The CCEEL investigated 149 Cybertips from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (“NCMEC”) in cases of suspected exploitation of children, while simultaneously accepting 121 new state and local cases which required computer forensic examinations. In 2009 the CCEEL also played a significant role in the student homicide investigations on both the Yale University and Wesleyan campuses.
The Division of Scientific Services is committed to providing timely and scientific analysis of evidence to the criminal justice community to ensure that offenders are identified and innocent parties are exonerated. As 2010 approaches the Division looks forward to meeting the public safety needs of the residents of the State of Connecticut.